I am directed by the general commanding to say that you will have one of your brigades ready to make a demonstration, without risking battle, on our left. You will also have the effective force of two brigades, under command of Colonel Long, ready to moveRead More
Have you an idea where Mount Gilead Church is! Ascertain if possible from General Kilpatrick if he does not think with two of General Garrard’s brigades in addition to his own he could break the Macon road effectually. I do not think General Garrard willRead More
Major J. A. CAMPBELL,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Army of the Ohio:
MAJOR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the letter of Major- General Schofield, and to inform him that I communicated to Brigadier- General Kilpatrick his message to h
GENERAL: I am informed that General Kilpatrick is about moving out to attack the rebel cavalry near Mount Gilead Church. At 12 m. he was on the Campbellton road at the cross- road leading to the church, and I believe about a mile and a half from your righRead More
Garrard returned last night about 12 o’clock. His report is being compiled to be sent to you. I think you will find it satisfactory. Several of the colonels of Garrard’s division rank Long. The only way that I can see how he can be placed in command of thRead More
General Garrard is back; went seven miles; saw some horsemen and came back. General John E, Smith is at Resaca, and the enemy is at Spring Place. I think Generals Smith and Steedman can so manage that Wheeler will be driven north. Has General Schofield heRead More
GENERAL: I am directed by the major- general commanding to inform you that Kilpatrick has reached Fairburn, burned the depot, torn up track, &c. At 9 p. m. last night he was this side of Camp Creek, hoping that Jackson would come out and fight him. He alsRead More
I understand Mount Gilead Church to be near Camp Creek, and about due south from Utoy Post Office. I will ascertain more accurately from Colonel Garrard. My messenger has already started for Kilpatrick to get his report. I will send another with the questRead More
Major- General SHERMAN:
The following received from Kilpatrick, dated August 15, 9 p. m., near Camp Creek, in route from Fairburn
We will commence the movement against the railroad about Jonesborough Thursday night unless something occurs in the mean time to mar the plan. I will make my orders, and the preliminary preparations may be begun. If Wheeler interrupts our supplies, we canRead More
I have seen Colonel Warner and am willing to leave that cavalry for the present as it is, but if we ever have to use it offensively it will need a more active leader. I have made a special recommendation in Colonel Long’s case, and hope he will be promoteRead More
GENERAL: I respectfully suggest the following details in the execution of the plan proposed by you on the 13th instant:
First day. Twentieth Corps to take its position on the Chattahoochee and the Fourth Corps in rear of the Fourteenth, the trains whic
General Schofield reports that General Kilpatrick did not find the enemy’s cavalry at his old camp at Mount Gilead Church; but I don’t know where that church is. It is manifest that all the efficient cavalry of the enemy is to our rear. They will tear upRead More
GENERAL: I have the honor to report that under your orders I proceeded with the effective force of my division, less the old and new picket details for the security of this flank, to test the strength of the cavalry on the enemy’s left. I started at 8 a.Read More
The general commanding directs that you occupy Sandtown with your command, and scout as far as Camp Creek.
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
DAVID F. HOW,
Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General.
In the Field, near Atlanta, August 16, 1864.
The movement of the army against the Macon railroad will begin Thursday night, August 18, and will be continued on the following general plan:
I. All army commanders will send across the Chattahoochee Riv
If you think a cavalry raid can destroy the Macon road sufficiently to force Hood to retreat, I think now would be a good time to send against it.Read More
If the force ordered to Vining’s Station, via Pace’s Ferry, in pursuit of 500 rebel cavalry reported to be marching on Vining’s, has not started or is not available, send courier to General Garrard with this communication. The pursuit of rebels above refeRead More
GENERAL: General Garrard was with me until 12 or 1 a. m., after receipt of the orders from General Sherman. He got provisions yesterday, but will not have forage until 12 m. to-day. He says he knows the strength of the enemy’s cavalry on our left- a brigaRead More
No change to-day in the enemy’s position. General Garrard has taken his cavalry from our left, and has gone off to the enemy’s right to see whether there is yet a force of cavalry (of the enemy’s) left on his (the enemy’s) right. General Kimball eRead More
There is no doubt wheeler is up about Dalton with a large cavalry force. I want our cavalry now to feel the enemy’s flanks strong, and will order General Kilpatrick to cross at Sandtown and make a bold push for Fairburn, and General Garrard in like mannerRead More
I have sent a brigade of General Garrard’s cavalry over toward Canton to intercept those cattle. Tell General McCook it is important that party represented as 200 strong that has been on the road should be hunted down, else you will have no peace on the rRead More
A drove of cattle was this a. m. captured together with escort. Have sent out all available cavalry and 300 infantry. Commanding officer at Adairsville telegraphs 6 p. m.-Read More
COLONEL: General Sherman is informed that a large body of the enemy’s cavalry is now north of the Chattahoochee, making a raid upon our rear, and he desires to take advantage of their absence to operate on the enemy’s flanks. General Kilpatrick’s will croRead More
GENERAL: In accordance with the desire expressed by you yesterday to General Thomas, General Howard, and myself, I have the honor to submit the following plan of operations, having for its object to compel the enemy to abandon his works about Atlanta andRead More
Says he is a citizen of Dalton, Ga.; has been in the employ of the Confederate Government on the Western and Atlantic Railroad for three years; has been at Griswold Station with rolling-stock of the road. Came through Atlanta and Decatur day before yesterRead More
Garrard’s cavalry occupies the reserve side of the old rebel works; they extend about half a mile from the Howard house.Read More
The telegraph has just announced the capture, by the rebel cavalry, of a drove of 1,000 cattle about Adairsville. Let General McCook have a determined pursuit and General Garrard a brigade ready to push across to and beyond Canton, to prevent the drivingRead More
General McArthur, at Marietta, reports small bodies of cavalry approach Marietta from the northeast. General Garrard should send frequently up to Roswell and McAfee’s. You may order General Kilpatrick to lay down a bridge at Sandtown, and be prepared to sRead More
Commanding Fourth Army Corps:
GENERAL: General Garrard has been ordered to send a scouting party in the direction of Decatur, for the purpose of ascertaining the amount of those movements the enemy made last night and his apparent intentions, and the m
1.25 a. m., received dispatch from Brigadier-General Kimball, commanding First Division, stating that a column of the enemy had been passing for an hour and a half in front of Taylor’s brigade, of his division, moving toward our left. (This divisiRead More
See at once as to who and what force broke the road at or near Acworth. It is, in my judgment, a mere cut, having a bearing on something beyond.
W. T. SHERMAN,
BIG SHANTY, GA., August 13, 1864-12.50 p.m.
2 p. m., received a note from General Sherman directing General Stanley to inquire of General Garrard whether the enemy are working on the Augusta railroad. Such fact is reported by prisoners. 3 p. m., General Garrard reports that some of the offiRead More
GENERAL: The major-general commanding directs that at as early an hour as possible this morning you send a brigade out to and beyond Decatur on our left to make a demonstration against the enemy. General Kilpatrick’s division is ordered to threaten a crosRead More
Special Field Orders, No. 205, paragraph X, July 27, 1864, from these headquarters, is revoked. The First Division Cavalry (McCook’s) will proceed to the District of the Etowah, headRead More
The enemy’s cavalry on the south side of the Chattahoochee threatens General Schofield’s right flank on or near the Sandtown and Atlanta road. The general commanding directs that you make a demonstration opposite to and below Sandtown as if you intended tRead More
I will order Kilpatrick’s cavalry down on the other bank of the Chattahoochee to being as crossing at Sandtown. As soon as I learn where Kilpatrick is I will tell you where its effect may be felt. It seems to me a part of the Fourteenth Corps could be spaRead More
THOMAS’ HEADQUARTERS, August 8, 1864.
General Kilpatrick’s headquarters are at the junction of Powder Springs and Sandtown roads. He covers Sweet Water and patrols to Dallas.
The enemy’s cavalry manifests activity on our right, threatening to cross Utoy Creek to General Schofield’s rear. He has little or no cavalry. I want him to-morrow to develop well the enemy’s flank, which I believe is along the south fork of Utoy Creek, cRead More
GENERAL: In order that you may have a proper understanding of the recent cavalry operations form this army that terminated somewhat unsuccessfully, I will explain. On the 25th of July I had driven the enemy to his inner intrenchments of Atlanta, and had bRead More
Your dispatch received. General Garrard’s cavalry on our left frequently patrols up as far as McAfee’s Brigade above Roswell. The dust may have been his cavalry. Still I know the enemy will attempt by his cavalry to strike our road, and I want you to keepRead More
We have now developed our line along with the enemy from the Augusta railroad, on our left, to Utoy Post-Office, on our right, and the enemy faces us in force at all points with equal force and superior works. General Schofield tried to break through at aRead More
7 a. m., received report, by field telegraph, from General Kimball, commanding First Division, that the enemy was advancing his skirmish line and that he is re-enforcing his. 8.30 a. m., received another dispatch from General Kimball; reports thatRead More
Richmond papers of yesterday announce the capture of General Stoneman and 500 of his party near Macon. Ga. The capture took place the 31st of July. Have you heard anything of this?Read More
Will you let General Elliott get a return of all the cavalry not of General Garrard’s proper command, including Generals McCook’s, Kilpatrick’s, and Stoneman’s, and Colonel Hamilton’s commands, and propose an organization that will make all efficient? ColRead More
I wish you to have persons on your lookout stations all along the line to observe closely the movements of the enemy, and hold your troops ready to take advantage of any opportunity to move on their intrenchments. General Sherman thinks his movements thisRead More
8 a. m., received written instructions from Major-General Thomas to have persons on our lookout stations to-day to watch closely the movements of the enemy, and to hold the troops in readiness to take advantage of any opportunity to move on their iRead More
In order to make my campaign collusive I should have a large cavalry force. We find great difficulty in procuring horses. I understand there are 2,000 at Saint Louis. Can I not have them? Recruits also should be sent to Nashville, and sent forward daily,Read More
Richmond Dispatch to-day contains the following:
MACON, August 1, 1864-6 p. m.
Our cavalry under General Iverson attacked the enemy yesterday near Clinton. The Yankees, commanded by General Stoneman, routed, and Stoneman, 25 officers, about 500 pris
The general commanding directs that you move with your command to the railroad bridge north of the Chattahoochee. He congratulates you and your command on your success during the late raid.
DAVID F. HOW,
Lieutenant and acting Assistant Adjutant-Gene
I want that brigade. Stephen D. Lee is here from Mississippi with 3,500 cavalry, dismounted. Deserters say also that Forrest is here, but, if so, only for consultation. Get General Lorenzo Thomas to give you some negro regiments to hold the railroad statiRead More
Report to me direct any men of General McCook’s got in, and also if General Kilpatrick has come down with his cavalry from Cartersville.Read More
Don’s call for any cavalry from Memphis. General A. J. Smith has his orders to watch Forrest, and if he comes to Tennessee to follow his to Decatur. He will want all his cavalry. Only collect the scattered detachments of cavalry and order more horses to bRead More
I am quite unwell to-day. General Schofield is marching for and will take up position on the right. I think well of General Stanley’s keeping a mere line of display were General Schofield was for a few days, and if you can occupy General Palmer’s place inRead More
Our cavalry, under General McCook, reached the Macon road, burned a brigade, and destroyed railroad for twelve miles at thoroughly as possible. Burned several trains of wagons-500 in all-including 300 loads of clothing, and Hood’s headquarters train, butRead More
Colonel Brownlow is here and reports that General McCook proceeded according to his orders, and reached the Macon railroad and destroyed twelve miles and a bridge over a branch of White Water, which he says, is as long as that over Chattahoochee. He alsoRead More
Colonel Brownlow reports from Marietta that he has just reached there, having escaped from a disaster that overtook General McCook’s cavalry expedition at Newnan. He reports the expedition reached the railroad and destroyed more road than the rebels can rRead More
General Shoup desires me to ask your attention to a matter of great importance. Great suffering and loss of life is occasioned by the delay of trains in transporting the wounded to the rear. Instances have been reported where the trains have been seventyRead More
The general directs me to say that there is no news of importance here. Wheeler dispatches from Newnan that he has completed the killing, capturing, and breaking up of the raiding party under McCook. Yours of 9.40 received.
L. P. DODGE,
On yesterday and the day before our cavalry, under Generals Wheeler and Jackson, fought near Newman the raiding party of the enemy which had intercepted our communication with Macon, completely routing them, killing a large number, capturing all their artRead More
Adjutant and Inspector General:
General Stoneman, with a cavalry force estimated at 2,800, with artillery, was met two miles from this city by our forces, composed of Georgia reserves, citizens, local companies and the militia, which Governor Brown is
The following dispatch is just received from Brigadier-General Iverson, through Major-General Cobb, at Macon, concerning the part of raiders who struck the Macon and Savannah road:
General Stoneman, after having his force routed, yesterday surrendered
You had better order General Kilpatrick to march at once down by Marietta to our right flank, and to gather up the fragments of General McCook’s cavalry and put it in shop[e, for enemy will surely cross over to that flank. Also, if you have regiment of caRead More
Before Atlanta, Ga., August 1, 1864.
* * * * * * *
VI. The troops will withdraw from their present position and move toward the right this evening. The movement will commence at dark and will be made by brigade from the left. Each brigade will remai
General Howard reports an unusual movement of troops out of Atlanta to his right. I am very anxious to hear the substance of Colonel Brownlow’s story. I am told by General Barry’s aide that he saw Colonel Brownlow at your camp. I cannot understand BrownloRead More
Wheeler has overtaken the raiders who cut the Macon road near Lovejoy’s. He says, “We fought them from last night till to-night, killing and capturing many. They have abandoned all their artillery, ambulance train, a number of horses and mules, strewing tRead More
I have news from General Garrard. He camped eighteen miles from here last night, on the Peach Tree road, and is coming toward Buck Head now; had a small fight first day; since, nothing. I think I understood the man, and that General Stoneman has gone on tRead More
I have your dispatch, which is most satisfactory. I think General Schofield, supported by General Davis and Ward, will reach the railroad. At all events, it is our true move. General Garrard’s cavalry can occupy General Schofield’s lines, and General StanRead More
General Garrard did not destroy any of the railroad. He was posted at Flat Rock by General Stoneman to occupy the attention of the enemy’s cavalry, which he (Stoneman) pressed to his rear and south. All we know to the Macon road is from a Colonel Garrard,Read More
I have the honor to report that the most through and careful investigation of all the news and reports among the citizens of Decatur has satisfied me that there was a fight of no great importance with the rear of Stoneman’s column near Flat Rock, but furtRead More
A cavalryman, just in, says General Garrard is coming in by the Peach Tree road; had a small fight first day, none since. Says General Stoneman has gone on, so that branch of the raid seems to be doing well. I now want news of General McCook. As soon as GRead More
No change since my last. Weather has been intensely hot, and to-day it is raining hard. General Garrard’s cavalry is back. General Stoneman placed it at Flat Rock to cover his movement south. General Garrard reports the enemy’s cavalry all round him for tRead More
A rebel scouting party which came into Decatur this morning informed the citizens that the railroad had been cut by our cavalry at a place called Jonesborough, as it was understood by Colonel Garrard, who brought the report.Read More
COLONEL: The commanding general desires you to feel into Decatur with your regiment to-morrow morning, and, if possible, pick up some information about the movements of our cavalry. Do not appear to be anxious to obtain the information or intimate that weRead More
An infantry brigade (700) went down by rail several hours ago. Humes’ cavalry also ordered against your raiders should you need more force.
[J. B. HOOD,
HDQRS. CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF TENNESSEE,
Fayetteville, July 29, 1864
Having, therefore, sufficiently crippled the Augusta road, and rendered it useless to the enemy, I then addressed myself to the task of reaching the Macon road, over which of necessity came the stores and ammunition that alone maintained theRead More
I have sent a brigade of infantry with Colonel Garrard’s cavalry to make a detour to the left and threaten the enemy’s extreme right, reconnoitering all the roads to the east and south. I will also keep up activity along my front.Read More
I took my place on the right of the army, skirmishing with the enemy until the 27th. At daylight on that morning, pursuant to orders, I relieved General Hardee’s entire line with my cavalry. While doing so I discovered that the enemy had abandoned their sRead More
COLONEL: Moore, a scout, whom I sent out on the 26th in the forenoon, returned this p. m. and make the following statement: General S. D. Lee arrived about the 25th instant from Mississippi and brought 3,500 troops with him. These were dismounted cavalry,Read More
Let the militia remain at Andersonville for the present. Raiders reported across South River; one column moving toward McDonough.Read More
My two cavalry expeditions are off to make a wide circuit and reach the Macon road well to the southeast of Atlanta, and the Army of the Tennessee is shifted to the extreme right, reaching well toward the railroad, so that I think to-morrow must develop sRead More
The destination of the raiding party is still unknown. Prepare for it.Read More
The raid toward Covington is stronger than at first reported. Destination still unknown. We have a heavy force in pursuit.
J. B. HOOD,
There is a raid moving toward Covington. Considerable force. Ten pieces of artillery. Wheeler in pursuit. Destination unknown. Please give such attention as you can.
J. B. HOOD,
Last night the enemy drew back his left, abandoning some of his works, and has extended his right somewhat. A raid has started in the direction of Covington on the Georgia railroad. Our cavalry in pursuit.
J. B. HOOD,
Near Atlanta, Ga., July 27, 1864.
* * * * * *
X. The First Division of Cavalry (McCook’s) will be relieved by the Third Division of cavalry (Kilpatrick’s) in the following manner: Tenth Ohio and detachment of Second Kentucky Cavalry, with one sectio
GENERAL: I have received your letter of July 26, asking permission after breaking good the railroad below McDonough to push on [to Macon], release the officers there, and afterward to go to Anderson[ville] and release the men confined there. I see many diRead More
GENERAL: I find it difficult to make prompt report of results coupled with some data or information without occasionally making some mistakes. General McPherson’s sudden death, and General Logan succeeding to the command, as it were, in the midst of battlRead More
The several armies and bodies of cavalry will watch the enemy closely to their respective fronts, and in case the enemy retreats toward the southeast General Schofield will follow directly through Atlanta, General Thomas by roads on his right,Read More
General Garrard reported to me on his return yesterday, took up a position north and east of Decatur, connecting with Colonel Sprague’s brigade on my left. I learned this morning the enemy’s pickets occupied the main Decatur road between that place and myRead More
GENERAL; Yours of to-day is received. I beg you will convey to Colonels Minty, Long, and Miller the assurances that I fully appreciate the services recently rendered. I would like to give all the time you ask for rest, reshoeing, &c., but am advised by GeRead More
On making up retorts and examining the field, I find the result of Hood’s attack on our left more disastrous to the enemy than I reported. Our loss will not foot up 2,000 killed and wounded, whereas we have found over 1,000 rebels dead, which will make wiRead More
GENERAL: I am rejoined to hear that you are back safe and successful. General Rousseau has brought me 2,500 good cavalry, having been to Opelika and destroyed thirty miles of road between West Point and Montgomery. I will give you time to rest and then weRead More
General Woods’ division, of the Fifteenth Corps, has been ordered to move into Decatur at 5 o’clock this morning, and to directly return, destroying the line of the railroad for the purpose of keeRead More
Result of operations July 22 in front of McPherson’s corps: Enemy’s dead thus far reported buried and delivered to enemy, 3,220; prisoners, 1,017; wounded and prisoners, 1,000. Total, 5,237. Seventeen stand of colors in our possession. Our total loss: KilRead More
GENERAL: It is my painful duty to report that Brigadier General James B. McPherson, U. S. Army, major-general of volunteers and commander of the Army of the Tennessee in the field, was killed by a shot from ambuscade about noon of yesterday.* At the timeRead More
I have the honor to state the brigade of cavalry from General Stoneman’s command, which, by information from you of last evening, was to report to me this morning, has not yet reported. It is necessary that trains with forage and rations should be broughtRead More
General Rousseau reports from Marietta yesterday his safe return from Opelika, having destroyed that depot 30 miles of railroad toward Montgomery, 3 miles toward Columbus, and 2 toward West Point. His entire loss 12 killed and 30 wounded. He brings in 400Read More
GENERAL: We find the enemy in force inside of Atlanta, doubtless in the entrenchments as represented in the blue map as a circle of one mile and a quarter radius. We can see the building of town plain. The enemy fires a good deal of artillery, which passeRead More
Yesterday morning the enemy fell back to the entrenchments proper of the city of Atlanta, which are in a general circle of a radius of one mile and a half we closed in. While we were forming our lines and selecting positions for batteries, the enemy appeaRead More